Women's and Gender Studies (WGST) 333

Goddess Mythology, Women's Spirituality, and Ecofeminism (Revision 3)

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Delivery Mode: Individualized study online

Credits: 3

Area of Study: Humanities

Prerequisite: None

Precluded Course: WMST 333. (WGST 333 cannot be taken for credit if credit has already been obtained for WMST 333.)

Faculty: Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences

Women's & Gender Studies home page

WGST 333 has a Challenge for Credit option.

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WGST 333 examines the evolution, fragmentation, and re-creation of spiritual traditions, myths, and stories associated with Goddess. The course explores the symbolic significance of female divinity and the impact of its loss on all aspects of Western culture. Through the study of ecofeminism, we reconnect with the sacredness and interconnectedness of all life. We reflect on our own journeys, we deepen our understanding of the environment, and we consider strategies for healing women and Earth.

Course Learning Outcomes

After completing WGST 333, you should be able to:

  • Reclaim an ancient and powerful heritage of women’s spirituality centred on goddesses.
  • Examine the ways spirituality and its symbols have historically empowered or disempowered women
  • Explore the link between goddess mythology and the contemporary movement known as ecofeminism
  • See women as sacred, beautiful, and powerful.


  • Unit 1: Goddess and Her Mythologies
  • Unit 2: Upper Palaeolithic and Neolithic Goddess Mythology
  • Unit 3: Sumerian-Babylonian and Egyptian Goddess Mythology
  • Unit 4: Goddesses in Greek Mythology
  • Unit 5: Goddess Mythology in the Judeo-Christian Tradition
  • Unit 6: The Goddess Is Alive! Indigenous and Global Goddess Traditions
  • Unit 7: Goddess Mythology and Ecofeminism: All Is Alive
  • Unit 8: Ecofeminist Views of Women, Animals, and Nature Healing
  • Unit 9: Ecofeminism and Goddess Spirituality: Coming Home


To receive credit for WGST 333, you must obtain at least D (50 percent) on the telephone review and each of the three written assignments. The weighting of the composite grade is as follows:

Activity Weighting
Assignment 1 Telephone Review 15%
Assignment 2 Goddess Essay 30%
Assignment 3 Research Proposal for Final Essay on Ecofeminism 20%
Assignment 4 Essay on Ecofeminism 35%
Total 100%

To learn more about assignments and examinations, please refer to Athabasca University's online Calendar.

Course Materials


Baring, A., & Cashford, J. (1993). The myth of the goddess: Evolution of an image. London, UK: Penguin.

Other Materials

All other materials are available online.

Challenge for Credit Overview

The Challenge for Credit process allows you to demonstrate that you have acquired a command of the general subject matter, knowledge, intellectual and/or other skills that would normally be found in a university-level course.

Full information about Challenge for Credit can be found in the Undergraduate Calendar.

Challenge Evaluation

The Challenge for Credit consists of 10 short essay responses. To receive credit, you must complete all 10 essays and achieve a grade of D (50 percent) or higher. Credit will be awarded as either a pass or a fail.

Undergraduate Challenge for Credit Course Registration Form

Athabasca University reserves the right to amend course outlines occasionally and without notice. Courses offered by other delivery methods may vary from their individualized-study counterparts.

Opened in Revision 3, Nov 19, 2018.

View previous syllabus