Criminal Justice (CRJS) 420

Environmental Protection and Enforcement (Revision 2)

CRJS 420 Course Cover

Temporarily closed, effective May 29, 2014.

Delivery Mode: Individualized study

Credits: 3

Area of Study: Reading course - Applied Studies

Prerequisite: None

Faculty: Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences

Criminal Justice Studies home page

CRJS 420 is not available for challenge.


CRJS 420 will provide an overview of issues and laws related to environmental protection and enforcement in Canada. Students will examine issues that have lead to governmental regulatory responses and gain an understanding of the many sources and types of law relevant to environmental protection.

This course examines the evolution of Environmental Law in Canada; provincial environmental protection and enhancement Acts will be both examined and critiqued.

Part of this understanding comes from the consideration, by the students, of their personal perception of what our environment is. How do we react within a legal, political and economic context? Also, the constitutional and legal means (including administrative tribunals, court proceedings, and other measures) will be considered in the context of resolving environmental issues.

As well, environmental issues related to Aboriginal people, environmental assessment as a guide to government decision-making, pollution prevention, enforcement, and international law will be examined.


CRJS 420 comprises eleven units as follows:

  • Unit 1: Canadian Environmental Issues
  • Unit 2: Sources of Environmental Law
  • Unit 3: Environmental Protection through Common Law in Canada
  • Unit 4: The Regulatory Approach
  • Unit 5: Statutory Authorization
  • Unit 6: Environmental Assessment
  • Unit 7: Prevention and Remediation
  • Unit 8: Enforcement
  • Unit 9: International Law
  • Unit 10: Aboriginal Issues
  • Unit 11: Future Trends


To receive credit for CRJS 420, you must achieve an average mark of 50 percent on the course assignments, a mark of at least 50 per cent on the final examination, and obtain a course composite grade of at least D (50 percent). The weighting of the composite grade is as follows:

Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Assign. 1 Assign. 2 Assign. 3 Assign. 4 Final Exam Total
10% 10% 10% 15% 10% 10% 35% 100%

To learn more about assignments and examinations, please refer to Athabasca University's online Calendar.

Course Materials

The course materials include a study guide, a student manual, a reading file, and some government documents.

Athabasca University reserves the right to amend course outlines occasionally and without notice. Courses offered by other delivery methods may vary from their individualized-study counterparts.

Opened in Revision 2, 2001.