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History (HIST) 370
The Métis

Revision 1 closed March 14, 2008, replaced by current version.

Delivery mode: Individualized study or grouped study.

Credits: 3 - Humanities

Prerequisite: Three credits in either Canadian history or Native/Indigenous studies are strongly recommended but not required.

Precluded course: HIST 370 is a cross-listed course—a course available under two different disciplines—with INST 370. HIST 370 may not be taken for credit if credit has already been obtained for NTST 370 or INST 370.

Centre: Centre for State and Legal Studies

HIST 370 has a Challenge for Credit option.


HIST 370 traces the historical development of Canada's Métis from the period of the fur trade to the present. It includes discussion and debates about the origins of Métis nationalism, the validity of Métis land claims, and the character of Métis struggles for social justice from the Seven Oaks rebellion of 1816 through the two Northwest rebellions to the present.

It also examines the changes in the lives of Métis women that occurred as a result of the impact of churches, education, and racism. Throughout there is an attempt to examine the evolving character of Métis societies and the impact of Euro-Canadian government policies on these societies.


Unit 1: Métis Identities and Origins

Unit 2: The Historic Métis Nation to 1869

Unit 3: The Métis Diaspora, 1870-1890

Unit 4: The Re-Emergence of the Métis, 1890-1950

Unit 5: Land Claims

Unit 6: Les Métisses in the Canadian West


To receive credit for HIST 370, you must complete all of the assignments, achieve a mark of at least 50 percent on the final examination, and obtain a course composite grade of at least “D” (50 per cent). The weighting of the course assignments is as follows:

Assignment 1 Assignment 2 Assignment 3 Final Exam Total
15% 20% 25% 40% 100%

To learn more about assignments and examinations, please refer to Athabasca University's online Calendar.

Course Materials


Dobbin, Murray. 1991. One-and-a-Half Men: The Story of Jim Brady and Malcolm Norris. Regina: Gabriel Dumont Institute.

Pannekoek, Frits. A Snug Little Flock. 1991. Winnipeg: Watson and Dwyer.

Payment, Dianne. 1990. “The Free People-Otipemisiwak” Batoche, Saskatchewan 1870-1930. Ottawa: National Historic Parks and Sites.

Peterson, Jacqueline and Jennifer Brown, (eds.). 1985. The New Peoples: Being and Becoming Métis in North America. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press.

Other materials

The course materials include a study guide, a student manual and a reading file.