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Unit 1
The Changing Environment of Policing

Overview

Unit 1 introduces the current nature of police reform and its implications for police management. In particular, this unit examines the structural shift from a reactive law enforcement model of policing to a model guided by strategic problem solving, officer empowerment, and community inclusion. Unit 1 also examines the organizational, operational, and cultural changes that must unfold within the current context of police managerial and organizational reform. You will explore the changing political, social, and economic factors that guide police reform today. Within this environment, police reform is punctuated by the rhetoric of customer service, cost efficiency, strategic resource allocation, Total Quality Management (TQM), ownership, and flattened organizational structures.

Learning Objectives

When you have completed Unit 1, you should be able to achieve the following learning objectives.

  1. Assess the various political and social influences affecting police managerial reform.
  2. Discuss the implications that police reform has for structural and operational components of policing.
  3. Recognize the role of community policing, intelligence-led policing, and proactive policing in the restructuring of police management.
  4. Recognize current operational and strategic managerial trends within policing.